Another one is the red elderberry (Sambucus racemosa), quite scarce and in the Iberian Peninsula their distribution is restricted to Pyrenees and close mountains.
In Irati both are now getting leaves, although in lower areas they began three weeks ago.
|Red elderberry(Sambucus Racemosa)|
|First leaves of the black elder|
We should necesary not confuse the black elder with the Dwarf elder (Sambucus ebulus) which is very toxic, and we can to differentiate from the black elderberry because the Dwarf elder are not have woody stems , they are green, and smell bad.
|Blackthorn (Prunus spinosa)|
Red Hawthorn (Crataegus laevigata) and
common hawthorn (Crataegus monogyna) both are in the Irati forest of Aezkoa, because this is a transition zone between the Atlantic and the Mediterranean climate.They have begun sprout their leaves.Their fruits, called in some parts of Navarre " Shepherd´s little apples" are edible but with very few use to have a big bone on the inside that makes the amount of meat in almost neligible. For lot of wildlife, mammals and birds, they are a very important meal,and is not unusual to see excrements of the wildlife with many bones of this shrub.
| Common willow (Salix atrocinerea)|
they have medicinal uses, but prímulaVeris, especially, is scarce and should not be used for such purposes because there are plants with similar virtues and more abundants
|European dog violet(viola riviana)|
|True oxlip Prímula elatior|
|Cowslip (Primula veris)|